Simplify Data Consolidation in Excel with the FILTER and VSTACK Functions

Excel is a powerful tool that offers a multitude of functions to help users manage and analyze data effectively. In this article, we will explore a formula that combines two lesser-known functions, FILTER and VSTACK, to streamline the process of consolidating data from multiple sheets while excluding empty rows. We will break down each part of the formula, provide a real-world scenario where it can be used, and demonstrate its full implementation.

The Scenario

Imagine you are working with a large Excel workbook that contains data spread across multiple sheets. You need to consolidate this data into one sheet for further analysis or reporting. However, some of the sheets might have blank rows, and you want to exclude those rows in your consolidated data. This is where the FILTER and VSTACK functions come to the rescue.

A Breakdown of the Formula

Let’s dissect the formula step by step, using an example to illustrate each part.

Part 1: VSTACK Function

The first part of the formula uses the VSTACK function:


This function vertically stacks data from cells A1 to D32 in sheets named Sheet2 through Sheet6. It creates a single column of data, combining the information from all five sheets.

Part 2: VSTACK Function (Filtering Empty Cells)

The second part of the formula is used to filter out empty rows:


This part checks if the corresponding cells in columns A1 to A32 (from the same range of sheets) are not empty. It creates a boolean array TRUE for non-empty cells and FALSE for empty cells.

Part 3: FILTER Function

Now, let’s combine these parts using the FILTER function:

=FILTER(VSTACK(Sheet2:Sheet6!A1:D32), VSTACK(Sheet2:Sheet6!A1:A32)<>"")

The FILTER function takes the vertically stacked data from Part 1 and filters it based on the boolean array generated in Part 2. This means it will return only the rows where the cells in the first column of the original data are not empty.


Suppose you have five sheets (Sheet2 to Sheet6) with data in columns A to D. You apply this formula in a different sheet, and here’s what it does:

  • It stacks data from columns A to D in the specified sheets.
  • It checks if the corresponding cells in column A are not empty.
  • It filters and consolidates the rows where column A is not empty.

The Full Formula

Here’s the full formula for your reference:

=FILTER(VSTACK(Sheet2:Sheet6!A1:D32), VSTACK(Sheet2:Sheet6!A1:A32)<>"")


The FILTER and VSTACK functions in Excel provide a powerful solution for consolidating data from multiple sheets while excluding empty rows. This formula can save you time and effort when working with complex datasets, ensuring that you only include the relevant information in your analysis or reports. Experiment with it in your Excel projects to experience its efficiency firsthand.


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